If I were to start my skincare journey today, there is one thing I’d do differently – identify what skin type I have before buying up the store.
This would have helped me choose products according to my skin type and condition and avoid any unpleasant skin reactions. Not to mention the money saved!
Now, the good news is that you don’t need to be a skincare expert to find what type of skin you have. If you are asking yourself, “what is my skin type,” here is an easy guide to determining it.
Why Is Knowing Your Skin Type Important?
Determining your skin type empowers you to choose products that are suitable for your skin, boosting its effectiveness because it contains the best ingredients for your skin. Not to mention, you’ll avoid unpleasant skin reactions.
For example, if your skin is prone to clogged pores and acne breakouts, applying the wrong products can deteriorate its appearance and time of healing. Or if you have dry skin, you’d want to avoid foaming cleansers that further dry you out.
How To Determine Your Skin Type
There are 5 main skin types, but don´t forget that your skin type can change during different periods of your life due to hormonal imbalances or health issues. Lifestyle and diet choices can also affect the way it looks.
Skin Type 1: Dry Skin
Do you always have to moisturize throughout the day no matter the season? Do you ever dread showering because your skin feels tight and dry after? You might have dry skin. Dry skin may feel tight after washing, itchy or rough and look flaky with red or dry patches. There are hardly any pores visible and the fine lines can be more visible.
- Very cold or very hot weather conditions
- Hot showers
- Hormonal changes or health issues
- Harsh products that strip the skin from its natural oils and moisture
How To Handle Dry Skin
- Use gentle cleansers that do not cause dryness.
- Apply hyaluronic acid and other ingredients that increase moisture in the skin such as Squalane Oil and Niacinamide.
- Consider enhancing your routine with carrier oils that are rich in healthy fatty acids and protect the skin’s barrier from environmental damage and aging.
- For a healthy complexion that is more resistant to aging, consume foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids.
Skin Type 2: Combination Skin
You typically have oily and shiny forehead and nose (T-Zone) while the other areas of your face will be dry or normal. Commonly, there are enlarged pores on the nose and maybe forehead, but smaller on other facial areas.
- Hereditary reasons
- Using the wrong skincare products
- Weather conditions can exacerbate dryness and flakiness or make the skin more prone to acne breakouts
- Non-adequate sun protection can also deteriorate the condition
How To Handle Combination Skin
Consider using different products for the oily and for the dry areas of your face. The idea is to use gentle hydrating and soothing ingredients for the dry areas, whereas for the greasier areas, you will need light exfoliating products that will remove impurities, unclog the pores and reduce oiliness without irritating the skin.
- Follow a skin-healthy diet
- Add some stress-releasing activities to your daily plan
Skin Type 3: Oily Skin
Your skin looks shiny and greasy with pores that easily get clogged and they are enlarged. This type is prone to blemishes and needs regular AHA and BHA exfoliation.
- Hormonal issues
- Hot weather and humidity
- Poor diet
How To Handle Oily Skin
- Use gentle physical exfoliators that do not contain abrasive ingredients that can irritate the skin
- Avoid popping your pimples
- Always use a moisturizer that is suitable for your type
- Consider using a vitamin C serum for its hyperpigmentation and skin-repairing benefits. Retinol also provides light exfoliation
Skin Type 4: Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin easily reacts to specific triggers such as unsuitable skincare or beauty products as well as other factors such as stress, certain foods, bad weather, the sun and more.
This type of skin can easily turn red, burn or sting due to a reaction to certain ingredients. It may also feel itchy, develop dry patches and be prone to bumps, rushes, broken capillaries and breakouts.
- Skin disorders such as rosacea, contact dermatitis, eczema, and others
- Environmental factors
How To Handle Sensitive Skin
- Try to determine which factors and skincare ingredients your skin reacts to so you can avoid them
- Look for brands that specialize in creating products for sensitive skin
- Do activities that relieve stress
- Sleep adequately
Skin Type 5: Normal Skin
If you are lucky enough to have normal skin, your skin looks flawless and healthy with a smooth and soft texture. It doesn’t suffer from any sensitivity or dryness while the breakouts are rare and the pores are barely visible.
- Healthy lifestyle
How To Handle Normal Skin
- You already have healthy skin, but to maintain a good thing, follow a daily skincare routine according to your skin needs, age, and lifestyle changes
- Eat a balanced diet
- Exercise, get 8 hours of sleep and stress less!
Finding your skin type is very important for setting up a skincare routine that will keep your skin healthy, glowing and more resistant to skin inflammation and aging. You’ll actually be helping, rather than hurting your skin (not to mention your wallet!)
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